Can You Name These Famous Historical Military Leaders?

Historica Graphica Collection/Heritage Images/Getty Images
Historica Graphica Collection/Heritage Images/Getty Images

Just like in most other aspects of human civilization, leadership is imperative during times of war. You can’t expect to prevail against your enemies if you don’t have someone with the brains and the brawn to lead your armies into the heat of battle. Over the countless years that humans have warred with one another, there are certain military leaders who have immortalized their names through their military accomplishments. See if you can decipher who they are and learn why they are considered one of the greatest and most respected military leaders of all time.

The man depicted here was a famous Roman general:

rome-quiz
Retry Correct Incorrect Born Gaius Julius Caesar, he was a famous Roman politician and military general. He is credited with playing a major role in the fall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Hulton Archive/Getty Images

The man depicted here was a famous Roman general:

  • Mark Antony
  • Gaius Marius
  • Marcus Agrippa
  • Julius Caesar
0%

This French general crowned himself emperor

french-98943-25726.jpg
Retry Correct Incorrect Napoleon Bonaparte is widely considered to be one of the most skilled military strategists in history. He rose in the ranks during the French Revolution and eventually went on to establish the First French Empire, conquering much of Europe.
Imagno/Getty Images
Imagno/Getty Images

This French general crowned himself emperor

  • Charles de Gaulle
  • Joseph Joffre
  • Pierre Augereau
  • Napoleon Bonaparte
3%

He commanded a gruesome campaign in South America against the Inca Empire

Retry Correct Incorrect Pizarro was a Spanish conquistador that defeated 30,000 Inca warriors between 1531 and 1533. He went on to conquer Peru and played a major role in helping Spain gain control of South America.
Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Hulton Archive/Getty Images

He commanded a gruesome campaign in South America against the Inca Empire

  • Francisco Pizarro
  • Simon Bolivar
  • Hernando Cortés
  • Christopher Columbus
5%

His nickname was “Old Blood and Guts”

Retry Correct Incorrect George Patton is considered the greatest American field commander of World War II. He led the 3rd Army in the “race across France” and is credited with playing a major role in overwhelming Germany to end the war.
Galerie Bilderwelt/Getty Images
Galerie Bilderwelt/Getty Images

His nickname was “Old Blood and Guts”

  • henry H. Arnold
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • George S. Patton Jr.
  • Omar Bradley
8%

He wrote the book On Guerilla Warfare

Retry Correct Incorrect Mao Zedong was a Chinese communist revolutionary who grew to become the founding father of the People’s Republic of China. From 1949 until his death in 1976, he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China.
Apic/Getty Images
Apic/Getty Images

He wrote the book On Guerilla Warfare

  • Mao Zedong
  • Moshe Dayan
  • Tomoyuki Yamashita
  • Zhang Zongxun
10%

He was the king of Macedonia

Retry Correct Incorrect Alexander the Great spent the majority of his years as ruler of Macedonia, leading a military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa and establishing one of the largest empires of the ancient world. To this day, he is considered one of the greatest military commanders in all of history.
Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images
Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images

He was the king of Macedonia

  • William the Conqueror
  • Marcus Agrippa
  • Alexander the Great
  • Flavius Belisarius
13%

He is credited with stopping the invasion of the Spanish Armada

Retry Correct Incorrect During the Elizabethan era, Sir Francis Drake was an explorer and experienced naval officer. He was the second person to circumnavigate the world in one expedition and the first to do so as captain. As second-in-command, he played a major role in defeating the Spanish Armada.
Stock Montage/Getty Images
Stock Montage/Getty Images

He is credited with stopping the invasion of the Spanish Armada

  • Edward I
  • Sir Francis Drake
  • Frederick the Great
  • Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar
15%

He is considered to be the “father of the US Air Force”

Retry Correct Incorrect William “Billy” Mitchell served in France during World War I and commanded all the air combat units in the country. He believed that aircraft would be the future of warfare and commanded one of the first air-ground military offenses.
CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images
CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

He is considered to be the “father of the US Air Force”

  • William Mitchell
  • William Robertson
  • Erwin Rommel
  • John J. Pershing
18%

He was killed by friendly fire during the American Civil War

Retry Correct Incorrect Otherwise known as “Stonewall” Jackson, he was the second-in-command of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. His death is considered to be one of the Confederacy’s biggest losses during the war.
Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images
Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images

He was killed by friendly fire during the American Civil War

  • Winfield Scott
  • Robert E. Lee
  • Thomas J. Jackson
  • George Custer
21%

He is known as the “Father of Europe”

Retry Correct Incorrect Charlemagne or Charles the Great was the King of the Franks 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800, until his death in 814. In his life, he united most of Western Europe for the first time since the Holy Roman Empire.
Ann Ronan Pictures/Print Collector/Getty Images
Ann Ronan Pictures/Print Collector/Getty Images

He is known as the “Father of Europe”

  • Philip II
  • William the Conqueror
  • Frederick the Great
  • Charlemagne
23%

He was the commander behind the Pearl Harbor attack

Retry Correct Incorrect Yamamoto was a Japanese Marshall Admiral of the Navy and the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II. He was responsible for most of the major battles during the war, including the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images
CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

He was the commander behind the Pearl Harbor attack

  • Fumimaro Konoe
  • Hideki Tojo
  • Isoroku Yamamoto
  • Kuniaki Koiso
26%

He was known as the “Desert Fox”

Retry Correct Incorrect During World War II, Rommel was the German commander of the 7th Panzer Division, proving himself as one of the best tank commanders in the war. While fighting in North Africa he was commended by his adversaries for his reputation of chivalry. His enemies called fighting against him like fighting a “war without hate.”
CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images
CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

He was known as the “Desert Fox”

  • Heinz Guderian
  • Erich von Manstein
  • Erwin Rommel
  • Walter Model
28%

He was the founder and first leader of the Mongol Empire

Retry Correct Incorrect Genghis Khan came to power by uniting the nomadic tribes of Northeast Asia. He then led the Mongol invasions which helped him to conquer most of Eurasia. His military campaigns usually involved mass murders of civilian populations. He had the largest contiguous empire in history after his death.
Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images
Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images

He was the founder and first leader of the Mongol Empire

  • Atilla the Hun
  • Genghis Khan
  • Shaka Zulu
  • Sartaq
31%

He was a Carthaginian general

Retry Correct Incorrect Hannibal Barca is best known for his leadership and gift for military tactics during the Second Punic War. At one point he marched an army, including war elephants, from Iberia over the Pyrenees and the Alps into Italy.
Photo12/UIG/Getty Images
Photo12/UIG/Getty Images

He was a Carthaginian general

  • Miltiades
  • Hannibal Barca
  • Khalid ibn al-Walid
  • Arminius
33%

He was the first sultan of Egypt and Syria

Retry Correct Incorrect Saladin was the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty and led the Muslim military campaign against the Crusaders. Under his command, he defeated the Crusaders at the Battle of Hattin where he took control of Palestine as well as the city of Jerusalem.
Prisma/UIG/Getty Images
Prisma/UIG/Getty Images

He was the first sultan of Egypt and Syria

  • Orhan
  • Osman I
  • Murad I
  • Saladin
36%

He led the Spartan army at the Battle of Thermopylae

Retry Correct Incorrect Leonidas was the warrior king of the Greek city-state of Sparta. He was chosen to lead the combined Greek forces to repel the Second Persian Invasion of Greece and fought off the Persian army for numerous days with just a small force until they were eventually overrun.
Education Images/UIG via Getty Images
Education Images/UIG via Getty Images

He led the Spartan army at the Battle of Thermopylae

  • Themistocles
  • Cyrus the Great
  • Trajan
  • Leonidas
38%

To this day, he is still considered to be England’s most distinguished naval commander

Retry Correct Incorrect Horatio Nelson is best-known for his exceptional leadership, unconventional tactics, and deep understanding of strategy. He is credited with winning numerous naval victories during the Napoleonic Wars with the most prominent being the Battle of Trafalgar, where he was shot and killed.
The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images
The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images

To this day, he is still considered to be England’s most distinguished naval commander

  • Horatio Nelson
  • Michel Ney
  • Arthur Wessely
  • David Farragut
41%

This is “The One Who Yawns”

Retry Correct Incorrect Geronimo was a popular leader and medicine man for the Bedonkohe band of Apache tribe. He joined with other groups of Apache to carry out raids against the United States and Mexican military campaigns against Native Americans. He was renowned and respected for his impressive military tactics and devotion to his cause.
Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Hulton Archive/Getty Images

This is “The One Who Yawns”

  • Sitting Bull
  • Crazy Horse
  • Geronimo
  • Squanto
44%

He was the 1st Duke of Wellington

Retry Correct Incorrect Arthur Wellesley was one of the major leading English military and political leaders during the Napoleonic Wars. One of his most recognized victories was his defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo.

He was the 1st Duke of Wellington

  • Simon Bolivar
  • John Jervis
  • Arthur Wellesley
  • Edmund Allenby
46%

He had the longest reign of any Hohenzollern king

Retry Correct Incorrect Frederick the Great was the King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786. Although as a young boy he had no interest in military tactics, upon becoming king, he attacked Austria and won military acclaim. His countless military successes stemmed from his excellence in strategy and personal battlefield experience.

He had the longest reign of any Hohenzollern king

  • Turenne
  • Duke of Marlborough
  • Maurice de Saxe
  • Frederick the Great
49%

Much of his later life was troubled by constant struggles to consolidate his hold over England

Retry Correct Incorrect Sometimes referred to as William the Bastard, William the Conqueror was the first Norman King of England. He reigned from 1066 (when he launched the Norman Conquest) until his death in 1087.
English Heritage/Heritage Images/Getty Images
English Heritage/Heritage Images/Getty Images

Much of his later life was troubled by constant struggles to consolidate his hold over England

  • Edward the Confessor
  • William I
  • Robert I, Duke of Normandy
  • William Rufus
51%

This English leader was nicknamed “Old Ironsides”

Retry Correct Incorrect Cromwell went from leading a single cavalry troop to becoming one of the principal commanders of the New Model Army. He was vital in General Sir Thomas Fairfax’s defeat of the royalist forces.
Edward Gooch/Getty Images
Edward Gooch/Getty Images

This English leader was nicknamed “Old Ironsides”

  • Oliver Cromwell
  • General Sir Thomas Fairfax
  • Winston Churchill
  • Robert I, Duke of Normandy
54%

This Venezuelan leader lived from 1783 to 1830

Retry Correct Incorrect Bolívar, known as “the Liberator,” led forces against Spanish domination in South America. His efforts freed Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Panama, Venezuela, and Bolivia.
Eric VANDEVILLE/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images
Eric VANDEVILLE/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images

This Venezuelan leader lived from 1783 to 1830

  • Simón Bolívar
  • Che Guevara
  • Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Joaquin Villalobos
56%

He was the real-life Lawrence of Arabia (left in photo)

Retry Correct Incorrect The British archeologist T.E. Lawrence (1888 – 1935) helped lead battlefield excursions and other important missions behind enemy lines during the two-year Arab Revolt against the Turks, despite having no formal military training. He became famous for writing about his wartime experiences.
Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Hulton Archive/Getty Images

He was the real-life Lawrence of Arabia (left in photo)

  • Lawrence Kasdan
  • Lawrence Phillips
  • Thomas Edward Lawrence
  • Sir Laurence Olivier
59%

He is one of four individuals to have risen to the rank of fleet admiral of the United States Navy.

Retry Correct Incorrect William “Bull” Halsey fought in one of the largest naval battles in history, WWII’s Battle for Leyte Gulf. Some have described him as a naval version of George Patton.
Keystone/Getty Images
Keystone/Getty Images

He is one of four individuals to have risen to the rank of fleet admiral of the United States Navy.

  • Curtis LeMay
  • William Halsey
  • Douglas MacArthur
  • George Patton
62%

During WWI, this German Commander was able to hold 100,000 British and Allied forces tied up, even though he only had 15,000 troops.

Retry Correct Incorrect Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck proved to be a master of guerrilla warfare during World War I. His nickname was “the Lion of Africa.” He was also known for fighting in the Boxer Rebellion and Herero Wars.
ullstein bild Dtl. / Contributor
ullstein bild Dtl. / Contributor

During WWI, this German Commander was able to hold 100,000 British and Allied forces tied up, even though he only had 15,000 troops.

  • Felix Graf von Bothmer
  • Remus von Woyrsch
  • Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck
  • Karl von Bulow
64%

This man was named an American Expeditionary Force commander from 1917-1919 with an army of 3 million men. He insisted that his army should fight for the U.S. in WWI.

Retry Correct Incorrect Along with George Washington, John J. Pershing, nicknamed “Black Jack,” rose to America’s highest possible military rank as a general of the U.S. Army. He is the only American to be promoted to this position in his lifetime.
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PA Images via Getty Images

This man was named an American Expeditionary Force commander from 1917-1919 with an army of 3 million men. He insisted that his army should fight for the U.S. in WWI.

  • Mason Patrick
  • Frank Parker
  • John J. Pershing
  • George Washington
67%

This Navy Admiral’s leadership in 1942 was a turning point in the Pacific War

Retry Correct Incorrect Nicknamed “electric brain” for keeping calm in times of stress, Spruance led a 1942 victory at Midway that ended up being a turning point in the Pacific War. Two years later, his defeat of the Japanese at the Battle of the Philippine Sea ensured victory.
American Stock/Getty Image
American Stock/Getty Image

This Navy Admiral’s leadership in 1942 was a turning point in the Pacific War

  • Raymond Spruance
  • Neil Armstrong
  • Chester W. Nimitz
  • Michael Monsoor
69%

This man’s heroism in the Vietnam War inspired the 2002 movie We Were Soldiers, in which he was portrayed by Mel Gibson

Retry Correct Incorrect Lt. Gen. Harold G. Moore was the lieutenant colonel in command of the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment, at the Battle of Ia Drang in 1965. His command during the battle was key because it established the pattern U.S. combat operations followed for the rest of the Vietnam War.
Ron Galella, Ltd./WireImage
Ron Galella, Ltd./WireImage

This man’s heroism in the Vietnam War inspired the 2002 movie We Were Soldiers, in which he was portrayed by Mel Gibson

  • Ngo Dinh Diem
  • General William Westmoreland
  • Joseph Galloway
  • Hal Moore
72%

This Soviet Red Army General commanded the 1st Belorussian Front in the Battle of Berlin (1945)

Retry Correct Incorrect The Battle of Berlin directly resulted in the defeat of Nazi Germany and the end of the War in Europe. Some people call Zhukov “the man who won World War II” against Nazi Germany.
PhotoQuest/Getty Images
PhotoQuest/Getty Images

This Soviet Red Army General commanded the 1st Belorussian Front in the Battle of Berlin (1945)

  • Semyon Timoshenko
  • Joseph Stalin
  • Georgy Zhukov
  • D. G. Pavlov
74%

He was the French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.

Retry Correct Incorrect Foch was the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied forces and successfully focused the American, British, French, and Italian efforts into one coherent whole, maximizing resources.
Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Hulton Archive/Getty Images

He was the French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.

  • Jean Moulin
  • Ferdinand Foch
  • Maréchal Tassigny
  • Charles de Gaulle
77%

This German Field Marshal was the chief of staff of the Prussian Army for thirty years

Retry Correct Incorrect Moltke has been described as the embodiment of “Prussian military organization and tactical genius.” Moltke’s nephew Moltke the Younger commanded the German Army at the outbreak of World War I.
Culture Club/Getty Images
Culture Club/Getty Images

This German Field Marshal was the chief of staff of the Prussian Army for thirty years

  • Ludwig von Benedek
  • Helmuth von Moltke (the Younger)
  • Albrecht von Roon
  • Helmuth von Moltke (the Elder)
79%

This man is often called “one of history’s first ‘modern’ generals”

Retry Correct Incorrect Sherman, a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, devastated the South during 1864’s Atlanta Campaign and the subsequent March to the Sea. He’s commended by some for his military strategy and criticized by others for his brutal “total war” approach to battle.
Buyenlarge/Getty Images
Buyenlarge/Getty Images

This man is often called “one of history’s first ‘modern’ generals”

  • John Bell Hood
  • Joseph E. Johnston.
  • William T. Sherman
  • Robert E. Lee
82%

This Spanish conquerer captured Mexico and Central America for his home country in the 1500s

Retry Correct Incorrect With an army of just 600 Spanish conquistadors, Cortés defeated the Aztec Empire, no small feat considering that the Empire had six million inhabitants when he arrived. Cortés died of pleurisy in 1547, at the age of 62 and heavily in debt.
Photo 12/UIG via Getty Images
Photo 12/UIG via Getty Images

This Spanish conquerer captured Mexico and Central America for his home country in the 1500s

  • Hernando Cortés
  • Juan Ponce de Leon
  • Francisco Pizarro
  • Simon Bolivar
85%

Napoleon thought this man was his best marshal

Retry Correct Incorrect Masséna, nicknamed “l’Enfant chéri de la Victoire (the Dear Child of Victory),” was one of the original eighteen Marshals of the Empire created by Napoleon. Napolean referred to him as “the greatest name of my military Empire.”
Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images
Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images

Napoleon thought this man was his best marshal

  • Pierre Augereau
  • Claude Victor
  • Nicolas Oudinot
  • André Masséna
87%

This WWII Japanese Army general was known as the “Tiger of Malaya”

Retry Correct Incorrect Tomoyuki Yamashita’s military prowess led to the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to call Japan’s dominance over Singapore the “worst disaster” and “largest capitulation” in British military history. Yamashita’s forces captured Malaya and Singapore in just 70 days.
Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images
Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images

This WWII Japanese Army general was known as the “Tiger of Malaya”

  • Mao Zedong
  • Tomoyuki Yamashita
  • Vo Nguyen Giap
  • Isoroku Yamamoto
90%

He achieved the most important win of his military career at 1745’s Battle of Fontenoy

Retry Correct Incorrect Maurice de Saxe first served in the German army, the Army of the Holy Roman Empire, and the Imperial Army before joining French forces. In the French Army, de Saxe became a Marshal and later the Marshal General of France.
Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Image
Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Image

He achieved the most important win of his military career at 1745’s Battle of Fontenoy

  • Augustus II the Strong
  • Claude Victor
  • Carl Friedrich Vitzthum von Eckstädt
  • Maurice de Saxe
92%

He led the Normandy invasion in WWII

Retry Correct Incorrect Before he became the 34th President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower was a highly-decorated five-star general in the United States Army. He was also the Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in Europe and successfully led the invasion of France and Germany in WWII.
Keystone/Getty Images
Keystone/Getty Images

He led the Normandy invasion in WWII

  • George Patton
  • Holland M. Smith
  • Harry S. Truman
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower
95%

He is the most decorated Marine in American history

Retry Correct Incorrect Lewis B ‘Chesty’ Puller was a United States Marine Corps lieutenant general who served with distinction in the Korean War and World War II. His decorations include five Navy Crosses and one Army Distinguished Service Cross. He died in 1971.
PhotoQuest/Getty Images
PhotoQuest/Getty Images

He is the most decorated Marine in American history

  • Chesty Puller
  • John Basilone
  • John McCain
  • Leland Diamond
97%

Congrats, you finished! Here are your results:

Congrats, you finished! Here are your results:

Retry Ouch. Don’t apply to West Point anytime soon! Looks like military leaders aren’t your best subject. Impressive! You must be a history buff! Wow! You may want to look into a career int he military if you haven’t already!
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