The Oldest Civilizations In Human History

After thousands of years of living as a nomadic, hunter-gatherer species, there came a time when humans learned to work the land and domesticate animals in order to stay in one place. This allowed the first civilizations to form, which consisted of groups of people working together to live in the first-ever societies. As time passed, these small civilizations grew and evolved to become incredibly advanced and thriving empires that there is still evidence of today. Take a look to see which of them are the oldest and what made them so impressive.

Mesopotamia Was Where Civilization Began

Relief of Mesopotamia
DeAgostini/Getty Images
DeAgostini/Getty Images

Regarded as the first civilization to emerge from human history, the Mesopotamian civilization was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers around what is today modern Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Syria, and Turkey. The region is known for its fertile land, making it an excellent place to begin practicing early forms of agriculture and animal domestication dating back to 10,000 BC.

Mesopotamia is also known for “inspiring some of the most important developments in human history, including the invention of the wheel, the planting of the first cereal crops, and the development of a cursive script, mathematics, astronomy, and agriculture.”