Unique Facts About The Ancient Persian Empire

The Persian Empire covers a series of dynasties that were centered around modern-day Iran which stretched from the 6th century BC and into the 20th century. The first Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great and grew to become one of the largest and most powerful empires in all of history. From there, the empire evolved considerably throughout its numerous dynasties, establishing itself as a global power, and shaping the course of history. Check out these lesser-known facts about one of history’s most significant empires.

The Man Who Started It All

Painting of Cyrus the Great
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In the beginning, the Persian Empire was a conglomeration of tribes residing in the Iranian plateau who raised livestock and lived semi-nomadic lifestyles. One man, named Cyrus the Great, was a ruler of one of these tribes and began defeating neighboring kingdoms including, Babylon, Lydia, and Media.

He then united them, forming the first Persian Empire, otherwise known as the Achaemenid Empire in 550 BC. The First Persian Empire established itself as the world’s first superpower encompassing Mesopotamia, Egypt’s Nile Valley, and India’s Indus Valley.