M*A*S*H, one of the most beloved series of all times, ran for a legendary 11 seasons. One of the best series to ever air on CBS, the show was based on real-life events during the Korean War. The show still has an extremely dedicated fan base and goes down in history for its multiple awards, interesting plot lines, and launching the careers of stars like Alan Alda. But fans weren't always happy with the writers of the show. A controversial scene they wrote into an episode led to CBS receiving more than 1,000 complaint letters, putting the show's relationship with the network in jeopardy. Did this cause the show to end? Dive into M*A*S*H trivia now!
A Military History
M*A*S*H was Alan Alda's largest role, with him playing Captain Hawkeye Pierce. Alda was perfect for the role, as he served in the Army Reserve in Korea, post-war. He had enlisted after graduating from Fordham University, similar to a lot of other men in that time.
Alda was a gunnery officer. Jamie Farr, or Corporal Klinger, also had previous military experience serving in the Korea. Farr even had experience acting in Army training films. The background helped both men get into the mindsets of their characters, enabling them to feel the frustrations of a life abroad in war.
While M*A*S*H eventually became a huge hit, it wasn't always successful. In the first season, ratings tanked. Viewers didn't seem to click with the show, causing the network to doubt their decision to keep it on. Before deciding to cancel the series because of the low viewership the network revived it by moving it to a different time slot.
When M*A*S*H moved to Saturday nights from its old time, after popular show All In The Family and before The Mary Tyler Moore Show. It immediately boosted the ratings of the show, resulting in it keeping its place as one of America's favorite television programs.
The character of Radar had a nameless teddy bear that was nearly a character in itself. The bear was housed at the Smithsonian for a while, before going to auction with a starting bid of $500 in the summer of 2005.
The bear, which included a letter of authenticity from Gary Burghoff, who confirmed that not only was the bear the actual one from M*A*S*H but that the stuffed animal was one of its kind.There were 19 bidders hoping to land the bear, but the final bid for the nameless bear came in at over $14k. The bear found its place on M*A*S*H simply by being found on the set at Fox Ranch.
Corporal Maxwell Q. Klinger
Corporal Maxwell Q. Klinger, played by Jamie Farr, initially was supposed to be the token "effeminate gay" character and was slated to appear in just one episode. The character turned out to be a great addition to the show, so the writers kept Farr around.
Throughout the series, he was known for his schemes, such as cross-dressing, get-rich-quick schemes, and other plot lines that portrayed him as a zany form of comic relief. Also telling of the times, the writers chose to make him a heterosexual character instead and ditched the original scheme to have him attempt an early release by failing a psych exam.
Remember Hot Lips?
How could you forget?! Actress Loretta Swit portrayed Major Margaret "Hot Lips" Houlihan for all eleven seasons of M*A*S*H. The blonde bombshell was known as 4077th's sweetheart and Swit was so great in the role that she was awarded two Emmy's. Even decades after the show went off the air, Swit still received fan mail from all over the world.
She has said that her favorite episodes were "Margaret's Engagement," "Hot Lips & Empty Arms," and "The Nurses." In 2014, however, Swit admitted that she doesn't watch reruns of M*A*S*H or any other television for that matter.
Let's Play Ball
Similar to modern day shows such as The Office, writers gained inspiration for M*A*S*H characters from real life individuals. Many of the patients from M*A*S*H's seasons 6 and 7 were named after baseball players from the Los Angeles Dodgers, as well as the Angels.
Writers also drew inspiration from their personal lives to name everyone from Radar's love interests to real-life family members. Radar's love interests were named after previous girlfriends of one of the writers. Actor Mike Farrell, who was shown talking to his character's family on the phone, requested that his daughter have the same name as his actual daughter, Erin.
Actors also took cues from real life events, told to them by individuals who had experienced the Korean War first hand. The patients and doctors who had the first-hand experiences told such detailed stories about the war, the writers actually had to leave some of it out.
The show regularly censored content that could be perceived as sensitive, such as graphic scenes depicted by Korean vets. Actor Gary Burghoff, who was also famous for playing Charlie Brown in an off-Broadway musical, actually has a deformed hand in real life that he hid on the show. It's frequently hidden behind set items, or stuffed in his pocket.
Fans Were Furious When Henry Blake Died
Actor McLean Stevenson, who was leaving the show anyway, was the focus of the show's 72nd episode, titled, Abyssinia, Henry. In the episode, his character Colonel Henry Blake was to be honorably discharged. The character spent the episode saying goodbye to his fellow soldiers and making plans to go home and see his family. However, the writers had a terrible plot twist up their sleeves.
During one of the last scenes, Blake departs the base. After he leaves, the surgeons of M*A*S*H are operating when Radar bursts in, announcing that his transport plane had been shot down over the Sea of Japan and that Henry did not survive the crash. Fans were outraged that the writers decided to kill off Henry instead. CBS got over 1,000 complaint letters and the future of the franchise appeared to be in jeopardy.
No Feedback From The Cast, Please
The writers on M*A*S*H were initially open to feedback but grew weary of the constant, tedious notes that the actors gave. Wanting to get back at the cast, while also ensuring that the notes stopped, the writers wrote in unnecessary details for the scripts. One time, the actors had to wear heavy parkas, acting as if it were the dead of winter while in reality, it was a hot summer day in Malibu.
After that incident, the complaints and notes stopped. However, many cast members were unhappy with being one of many stars on set. McLean Stevenson actually left the show for this reason, hoping to find more success elsewhere.
When Wayne Rogers, who played Captain "Trapper" John McIntyre, decided to leave M*A*S*H, the producers told him he'd be in breach of contract. It turned out that Rogers, a fan favorite at the time, had never actually signed a contract, helping him get out scot-free. Rogers, who had initially auditioned for Hawkeye Pierce, was unsatisfied with how gruff Pierce was.
He requested to read for Trapper instead, and the role fit. Rogers found some success in film after the series wrapped, but went on to produce, write and direct in Hollywood. He also dabbled in finances, even creating his own stock investment corporation and appearing as a guest contributor on Cashin In.
Alan Alda was on M*A*S*H for eleven seasons and was in every single episode. He commuted from Los Angeles to New Jersey. Every weekend, Alda would fly back to NJ to be with his family. He opted not to move his family out to California, saying that he wasn't sure how long the show was going to last. After the show ended, Alda developed a long, healthy acting career in film and television.
He had a guest appearance on ER as a doctor and worked with Woody Allen in Manhattan Murder Mystery. Alda also starred in The West Wing, 30 Rock, Blacklist and Horace and Pete. Alda went on to be nominated for 21 Emmy Awards, winning six. He also won a Golden Globe Award.
To reflect the reality of war, a lot of nurses were cast on M*A*S*H, and they didn't last long. They didn't have large parts, so writers gave them bland names. The writers drew inspiration from the HAM operators and military, giving the nurses names from the phonetic alphabet. Kellye Nakahara, an actress who was frequently credited as Nurse Kellye, also appeared under other nurse names.
Nakahara was called Nurse Yamato, Nurse Charlie, and Nurse Able. Her role eventually expanded into a speaking part, with her most significant scene in the eleventh season where she got into an argument with Hawkeye.
Though the creators of M*A*S*H tried to remain authentic in their writing, there were nonetheless many inaccuracies. The boots worn by the actors weren't actually army boots, as they were too loud. The boots were also notoriously uncomfortable for actors to wear, so most of them wore sneakers instead. Scenes were strategically shot to hide this.
Other inaccuracies included the use of aluminum cans, the pinball machine that was shown in the officer's club, and candy bars with UPC codes printed on the back of them. All of these items were historically inaccurate, not created until the 1960s and 1970s.
A Sad And Strange Coincidence?
M*A*S*H had a strange crossover with actor McLean Stevenson and Roger Bowen, resulting in an eerie coincidence. Stevenson played Lieutenant Colonel Henry Blake on the TV series but left the series to pursue other acting opportunities. His career declined after M*A*S*H, which unfortunately resulted in ridicule from the cast and crew members.
Sadly, Stevenson passed away from a heart attack in 1996. Roger Bowen, who played the role in the 1970 M*A*S*H film, also died of a heart attack that year. In an even stranger coincidence, the two men died within a day of each other.
The Best of the Best
The final series of M*A*S*H, which aired on February 28, 1983, made television history when over 106 million viewers tuned in. This record has only been set by The Super Bowl. M*A*S*H's eleven-season run was impressive, considering the first season's slow start, along with the failed spin-off, After M*A*S*H.
The finale, called "Goodbye, Farewell and Amen." was two and a half hours long and was even directed by series star Alan Alda. Alda was heavily involved with the creative process throughout the series, writing thirteen episodes, directing some episodes, on top of his series regular duties. You'll notice that most scenes in the finale take place inside and that's because their outdoor set was ravaged by a fire.
The show inspired not one, but three spin-offs after it wrapped in 1983. Trapper John, M.D. focused on the character's life after the military, as the Chief of Surgery at a hospital in San Francisco. It ended after seven seasons. Wayne Rogers did not reprise his character. W*A*L*T*E*R, a show focused on Radar's character, was supposed to be about his life in St. Louis.
After the war, the character was written to become a police officer, unsure of his direction after the army. The pilot was not picked up. AfterMASH, a show starring M*A*S*H stars Harry Morgan, William Christopher, and Jamie Farr, was short-lived due to its failure to live up to the popular show The A-Team.
Where Are They Now?
Gary Burghoff, before his role as Radar O'Reilly, pursued a career in music. He was the drummer for a band that was called The Relatives, and he shared the stage with the one and only Wonder Woman, aka, the famous and beautiful Lynda Carter. The two remained friends and Carter's influence actually helped Burghoff land a guest spot on her hit series. So, it could be argued, there would be no Wonder Woman without Gary Burghoff.
After the series wrapped, Burghoff quit acting and pursued his childhood interest in animals. Combining it with his natural artistic talent, Burghoff became a successful artist and is currently working as a full-time wildlife painter.
As mentioned earlier, Klinger was a bit of a cross-dresser and a wedding dress he wore got plenty of love. Apparently, his wedding dress was sported on three different occasions each time by different people. Why didn't the makers just get another dress for these people to wear? Maybe it was just to save money.
The times it was worn and who it was worn by goes as follows; Klinger when he married Laverne Esposito, Margret Houlihan, when she married Lt. Col. Donald Penobscot and Soon Lee, when she married Klinger. Hopefully, they washed those threads well enough for everybody!
Alda Was the Man
Alan Alda has been discussed this slide a bit, but let's discuss his importance again. If you had to guess how many episodes Alda wrote, what would you say? The correct answer is 13 for that one. And when it comes to directing the episodes he wrote, the tally rises all the way up to 31.
He was the first person to win an Emmy for the triple threat of writing, directing, and acting on the same show. We can all assume that it was not easy, but Alda sure made it look like a walk in the park. And that is what you can consider him as real Hollywood talent.
A Laughing Matter
In the beginning, CBS said it was mandatory that the show used a laugh track. They wanted the laugh track despite the actors and producers not wanting to use it. Even though the show was quite funny, the laugh track just seemed not to fit in during a war, right?
Because back then shows had live audiences, CBS thought it should be added because the viewers would not know when things were supposed to be funny. They thought the audience wouldn't have known the show was a comedy. Today, if you get the DVD version of the show, you can turn off the laughs.
Actress Kellye Nakahara Passes Away
On February 16, 2020, actress Kellye Nakahara passed away after battling cancer. She was 72 years old. In a statement, her son said that "[s]he died in her home peacefully with her family and her closest friends."
After M*A*S*H, Nakahara went on to act in films including Black Day Blue Night, She's Having A Baby, and Clue. Here, Nakahara is pictured with Loretta Swit at the 7th Annual TV Land Awards in 2009.
The UK Didn't Like The Laugh Track
As we just read, although the series' creators didn't want a laugh track, CBS initially insisted on it. The laugh track was toned down in later seasons and completely left out of all international broadcasts.
That is, all but one international airing of the show. In the UK, BBC2 inadvertently played an episode that included the fake laughter -- and its viewers hated it. One DVD critic later said, "canned laughter is intrusive at the best of times, but with a [program] like M*A*S*H, it's downright unbearable."
Taking criticism can be rough for anyone, especially if it's about something you've worked particularly hard on. It often makes people crack under pressure. For a TV series to take criticism it can lead to the show failing or trying to act on the critics and do things they are not supposed to do. Luckily, M*A*S*H didn't go down that path.
The show ended up being put to the flame for appearing to go against the Army. Well, it actually was a bit of a critique and the creators admitted to that. However, the show was specifically anti-incompetency and anti-bureaucracy. It was not against the institution of the army itself. Way to own up to things.
I Put That on the Set
Did you know that there were two different sets used on the show? One of the sets was in the mountains near the beautiful Malibu, California. One set was used for the outside and tent scenes for the first couple of seasons. This was strictly an outside set.
For the other set, which was an indoor set, it was obviously for the indoor scenes for the show. This set was located at Fox Studios. During the filming, this set was renovated to allow more outdoor scenes to be shot there. In no time both sets ended up being used for outdoor shots depending on where it made more sense.
Writers often are inspired and creative people and those for this show are no different. We know that Klinger was in the Army and there was a time when he was trying to get thrown out. Naturally, he worn women's clothing as his attempt to be disqualified.
That idea came from Lenny Bruce. Bruce was given a dishonorable discharge from the Navy for an identical reason. To those in the Military, this is not a practice that is advised. If you commit to serving the country and end up with cold feet, you are better off finishing out your contract before you try and leave. A dishonorable discharge is not good.
Harry Morgan, who played Colonel Potter on the show, wasn't shy about his love for his character. Morgan got so into M*A*S*H, he actually brought a photo from home to display on Potter's desk. The framed photo depicting the character's wife, named Mildred, was actually of Morgan's actual wife, Eileen.
Before his time on M*A*S*H, Morgan also starred in films such as High Noon and Thunder Bay. Morgan eventually switched to radio and television, hosting radio show Mystery In The Air. He joined M*A*S*H in the third season, playing Major General Bartford Hamilton Steele. In the fourth season, he replaced McLean Stevenson, who had left the series in order to pursue more lucrative projects.
The Two-Day Pilot
This was briefly mentioned earlier, but it is time to go in deeper on it. The pilot of the show was only written in two days by Larry Gelbart. After writing it, Gelbart was paid $25,000 big ones. That's a lot for two days of work! However, the writer of the book and the filmmaker of the movie that the series was based on were not particularly a fan of the show.
Robert Altman said the show, “softened the anti-war and anti-authoritarian spirit of the movie.” That is a harsh take to dish out but since he made the film he is probably entitled to that kind of opinion.
To advertise during this show it would have cost you a cool $30,000 when the show first started. That is a lot. And we can assume that the creators hoped that whatever was advertised during this show made them that $30,000 back with profit. Because the show was so popular it probably did.
Now remember we mentioned that the finale of this show had set a record? How much do you think it cost to advertise during the finale? if you guessed one million dollars you are wrong. If you said over a quarter of a million at $450,000 then you are correct.
The Time Capsule
There was an episode where the cast buried a time capsule at the ranch. The name of the episode was "As Time Goes By." After this episode, the land where the capsule was buried was sold two months later. You would think that time capsules would not be found so quickly but a construction worker found the capsule in that two months.
He got in contact with Alan Alda and proceeded to ask him what he should do with the capsule. Alda ended up telling him to keep it and the construction worker, “didn’t seem very impressed.” We wonder just what it was inside of there.
The comedian known as Robert Klein had another vision for his life. Before we dive into the details of what that means, let us talk about turning down opportunities. Many people have turned down chances that have turned out to be great. Does that mean that person is incompetent for not seeing how great the opportunity is? Not at all.
Klein was offered the role of Trapper John but he turned it down. He turned it down to stay focused on his goals for comedy, more specifically his stand-up routine. That doesn't make him crazy, it just means he knows what he wants.
The Finale Wasn't Filmed Last
Here's an interesting fact, the finale of the show was not even filmed last. That seems like an odd way to go about things. Didn't the actors get sentimental when they knew it was the last episode? Why would you put them through again when you have to film another episode?
The episode that was really filmed last was the one about the time capsule, "As Time Goes By." For 11 years these actors were spending their days together and getting to know each other better each and every day. To have to sit through another last filming twice must have been hard.
Many times when something gets created based off something else, you will see little Easter Eggs (clues) referring to the original edition. In this case, it has to do with the opening credits of the show and the movie this show was based on. The man himself, Alan Alda, is seen wearing a hat in the opening credits.
The hat you see in the image above was also worn by Donald Sutherland in the movie. The crazy thing is, the hat was never shown again in other parts of the series except for that opening credit scene. Smooth little Easter Egg for you.
It Came Down to a Vote
There are many reasons why shows come to an end. Sometimes it is because the ratings are not doing well or even because the writer just does not want to work on it anymore. In the case of this show, they took it to democratic levels. It was decided by a vote.
The choice to finish the series was because of a vote that was held by the cast members of the show. And because some of them voted to keep the show rolling, they were the ones who appeared on AfterMASH back in 1983. What a different way to end a show, right?
A Rocky Start
M*A*S*H was the smash hit that almost wasn't. It was the first military drama of its kind, and although it was in line with what was happening on a global scale, at first, audiences didn't really love the show.
Larry Gelbart, producer, who wrote the pilot show in two days, was living in the United Kingdom at the time and wasn't as familiar with Hollywood. He decided to write M*A*S*H because he was a fan of Robert Altman's film. The film wasn't nearly as popular as the television show became, with many fans not realizing it was based on a movie at all.
Telling of the Times
Throughout the series, the network only rejected one episode, which was impressive for a show that covered such diverse subject matter. This episode, the one and only that was ever rejected, contained a line of soldiers competing for a bid to return to the states. The episode was deemed unpatriotic and disrespectful to those away at war. It must be said that the episode was indeed very realistic, as many soldiers did want to return home.
As everyone now knows, the war was a highly controversial one, and many Americans, those overseas in the military as well as those at home, did not agree with the war at all. The controversy was very telling of the times, the pressure to be marketable along with the desire to tell an authentic story.
While M*A*S*H helped jump start the career of many of its series regulars, a few guest stars also gained notoriety. Before hitting it big, Three's Company star John Ritter was on M*A*S*H, as well as film star Laurence Fishburne and Dirty Dancing's Patrick Swayze. Ritter starred as a recovering soldier who snaps during his treatment, even taking a hostage.
Fishburne was a part of a controversial episode where a racist commander is exposed for intentionally sending African American soldiers into hazardous battle. Swayze, who starred as a terminally ill patient, ironically passed away in 2009 of a terminal illness, pancreatic cancer.
Hawkeye Was No Fan of Guns
Hawkeye despised guns. Even though the Army had regulations he would never have a sidearm when he was Officer of the Day. Potter pleaded that Hawkeye have a pistol on him when they went to an aid station. He did not comply in a very graceful manner; he screamed and shot rounds into the sky.
It could be a difficult spot to openly oppose guns and be drafted into the military. Fortunately, Hawkeye was a surgeon, not a soldier, and his role in the war was to save lives rather than ending them with guns or other weapons.
Do You Remember the Captain?
In the episode called "Tuttle," Captain Tuttle is seen in the credits as playing himself. That is weird considering that this character was just a creation of Hawkeye's imagination and no one ever got to see him or hear him. Why would they include him if that was the case?
But it did not matter; he was still in the credits. If they did that for everybody the cast imagined, then the credits would be too long, right? Someone has to get to the bottom as to why they included him. Maybe it was a prank to see what fans would notice it. Well, we're here to say we noticed.
Multiple Purple Hearts
War is a dangerous time. Many people do not get to come back home because they are killed or even taken hostage. The lucky and blessed ones make it home with no physical harm done to them; however, they sometimes suffer mental distress. If you are injured in the military and make it out alive, you are awarded a Purple Heart medal.
In the show, many characters are given more than one Purple Heart. If you are injured more than once you get an oak leaf cluster to adorn the original Purple Heart medal for each additional injury sustained.
All in All
The longevity of the show proves that it was a great one. If you are flipping through your TV guide you will often see many re-runs of it. There is a reason that it broke records for the series finale.
This show is in a league of its own.Now you are a certified master of M*A*S*H. If anyone ever asks you a question about it, you can easily refer back to this article and confidently answer anything they have to ask. This show might continue to live on for generations. It will be interesting to see how long it lasts.
The Odd One Out
By 1979, Gary Burghoff felt burnt out and wanted to leave the show. M*A*S*H commemorated his departure with the two-part episode, "Goodbye Radar." Though Mike Farrell tried to get him to stay, Burghoff stated he wanted to spend more time with his family.
In 1983, TV columnist Mike Drew tried to stir up drama by writing, "No castmates cried much over the departure of Burghoff." Burghoff wrote Drew back saying, "While there may not have have been tears shed by my cast members over my leaving the show, they did know - and still do - of my contribution."
Col. Potter Did What?!
Long after M*A*S*H went off the air, actor Harry Morgan made headlines again, but it wasn't because of his role as Col. Sherman Potter. It wasn't even related to acting, in fact. In 1996, Morgan was charged with misdemeanor spousal battery and faced up to one year in jail and/or a $6,000 fine.
Aged 81 at the time, Morgan was accused of beating his 70-year-old wife Barbara, to whom he'd been married for a decade. Responding to a 911 call, police arrived at the Morgan's house, to find a battered Barbara and to arrest Morgan, who was later released on a $5,000 bail.
Father Mulcahy's Real-Life Blessings
William Christopher appeared on M*A*S*H as Father Mulcahy, the chaplain of the 4077th. After M*A*S*H, Christopher devoted much of his spare time to autism awareness. The cause is something very close to him, as his adopted son Ned was diagnosed on the Autism Spectrum Disorder back then.
Christopher frequently worked with the National Autistic Society, helping them make public service announcements to bring autism awareness to the public during the '80s. Christopher and his wife published Mixed Blessings in 1985, which details their experiences in raising Ned. Sadly, Christopher died in 2016, but it's safe to say he'd be proud of the strides autism awareness has made today.
McLean Stevenson Was A Lot Like Henry Blake
It's no surprise that actor McLean Stevenson was very similar to his M*A*S*H character Lt. Colonel Henry Blake. Stevenson had no problem portraying someone whose hometown was Bloomington, Illinois because he was actually from there in real life.
Stevenson said this about his character: "I played my dad. My father was a country doctor, and he was 80 years old when he passed away." We guess Stevenson's role as Blake worked out because he initially auditioned for the role of Hawkeye Pierce. Though Stevenson left the show due to frustration and was able to return to Bloomington, sadly his character would not.
The Dresses Had To Go
Although Jamie Farr's character as Maxwell Q. Klinger had a good run as a cross-dresser, he couldn't keep up the scheme forever. You may remember that after Radar was honorably discharged, Klinger took up the role of Company Clerk.
Of course, Farr was probably relieved to see this change for his character. According to some sources, he didn't want his children to have to suffer in the schoolyard just because their dad wore dresses on TV. At least his character was authentic, though, since Farr wore his dog tags from his time in the military on the show.
They Used One Guy For Everything
Korean- American actor Soon-Tek Oh appeared on M*A*S*H on a few occasions, sometimes he played five different roles in one whole episode! You can catch this in the season four episode, "The Bus." Oh's other prominent appearance is in season eight's "The Yalu Brick Road."
Beyond M*A*S*H, Oh had quite a prolific acting career. He was even cast in Stephen Sondheim's Pacific Overtures on Broadway. In addition to the stage and film, Oh has continued to work in television. You may have also seen him in MacGyver, Charlie's Angels, Magnum P.I.,and Hawaii Five-O.
The Real-Life Swamp
You may recall that Hawkeye and Trapper John dubbed their tent "The Swamp," which is straight from the book on which the show is based. According to the author of MASH: A Novel About Three Army Doctors, "The Swamp" was what Hawkeye's college buddies called his dorm room and it stuck with him overseas.
If you've ever wanted to feel what it was like to live in The Swamp, you actually can! There is a complete replica of the tent at the Museum of the Kansas National Guard and the Holley Museum of Military History in Topeka, Kansas.